The Knowledge to Act


Development of an Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) Planning Tool

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The EbA Planning Tool aims to provide practitioners with a systematic process to identify and prioritize EbA options based on a context-specific analysis of ecosystems, livelihoods and climate change, in a broader effort to encourage greater uptake of effective EbA approaches. 

The tool and associated guidance seek to assist with the design, implementation and monitoring of EbA measures to address risks from climate variability to vulnerable people and their livelihoods, by using ecosystems and ecosystem services. Through a structured analysis, users will identify and understand how livelihoods and people are vulnerable to climate change and how critical ecosystems and ecosystem services can reduce these vulnerabilities and improve their adaptive capacities. Moreover, the user will understand how climate change and non-climatic stressors will affect the supply of ecosystem services that provide critical support for adaptation. This will facilitate the selection of options for restoring, conserving and managing ecosystems to reduce peoples’ vulnerability to climate change and build ecosystem resilience.

The EbA tool specifically aims to enable users to:

  1. Systematically analyze links among ecosystems, livelihoods and climate change, to better understand vulnerability to climate change and the role of ecosystems in adaptation.
  2. Identify and prioritize EbA options for community and ecosystem resilience.
  3. Design project activities that facilitate implementation of priority EbA options.
  4. Identify key elements and indicators for a monitoring and evaluation framework.

The structure of the tool is presented below.

The primary users of the tool are expected to be project managers and programming staff working at the local level designing or implementing an EbA intervention. The users will work closely with a range of stakeholders, including community members, local authorities, non-government organizations and policy-makers.

The tool is being developed by IISD, in partnership with International Union for Conservation of Nature, as part of the activities of the EbA South project, a Global Environment Facility-funded initiative implemented by UN Environment and executed by the National Development and Reform Commission of China of China, through the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

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