Agriculture, Water and Investment
Rural areas in developing countries desperately need investment. The challenge is to design a strategy to invest in small-scale farmers, food security and sustainable use of water and other natural resources.
A wave of foreign investment in agricultural land and water is transforming rural economies and livelihoods. The Land Matrix Partnership says that more than 1,217 deals were concluded in developing countries between 2000 and 2009, covering 83 million hectares of land.
A key driver for investment is the growing global demand for food and biofuels, coupled with increasing water shortages and scarcity, which have forced many governments to look abroad. The private sector, including banking and finance, is seizing the opportunities.
Rural areas and the agriculture sector desperately need investment. One billion people go to bed hungry every night. Seventy per cent of those people live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. However, foreign investment does not always contribute to improving those livelihoods.
IISD’s work tries to help governments and policy-makers build more effective investment strategies that contribute to sustainable development. We explain the role of international investment agreements in protecting investors’ interests and the need to safeguard space for governments to implement agricultural policies in the public interest.
Food for Thought: Weighing up health and investment in the age of the new pandemic
Obesity is increasing in developing countries and trade agreements could help monitor this. Read more to find out how.Read More
Could a U.S.–China Trade War Lead to a New Wave of Land Grabs?
A trade war could force China to search for new frontiers to secure its soybean demand and protect its supply chains, leading to another wave of so-called “land grabs.”Read More
The Social and Environmental Benefits of Manitoba's Community Pastures
A total economic value analysis of Manitoba's community pastures, demonstrating the private and public benefits of sustainable grazing management.Read More
Can Agricultural Growth Poles Solve Rural Poverty in Africa?
What are agricultural growth poles? Could they help solve rural poverty in Africa? Francine Picard explores...Read More
Effective Public Investments to Improve Food Security
The world has made significant progress in reducing hunger over the past decade. But hunger remains a major challenge. This policy brief identifies the most effective and efficient ways to invest in improving food security.Read More
The Potential for Carbon Dioxide Equivalent Sequestration in Agro-Manitoba
IISD and the Prairie Climate Centre conducted a high-level quantitative analysis of the sequestration potential of land use practices in Agro-Manitoba that are additional to business as usual.Read More
Hunger Is On the Rise: Here are three ways to stop it
Hunger levels are rising. Carin Smaller explores how technology could help tackle climate change and end hunger.Read More
The Rise of Agricultural Growth Poles in Africa: Investment in Agriculture Policy Brief #6
Africa has seen the emergence of 36 agricultural growth poles and 9 corridors over the past 15 years. They cover at least 3.5 million hectares of land in 23 countries. Ensuring that the new wave of agropoles and growth corridors is effective requires robust policies, laws and practices to ensure that a possible new trend of investment helps Africa achieve the sustainable development goals the continent has set.Read More
Farmland Investments Are Finding their Way to International Arbitration
A claim registered by a Swedish investor against the Tanzanian government for revoking a land title amid concerns over the impact on local communities and a wildlife sanctuary is the first known investor-state dispute against a government linked to the so-called “land grab” phenomenon, which arose out of the 2008 food crisis.Read More
Financing High Performance Climate Adaptation in Agriculture: Climate Bonds for Multi-Functional Water Harvesting Infrastructure on the Canadian Prairies
This article explores distributed water harvesting, a climate change adaptation strategy that can offer the co-benefit of enhancing ecosystem services.Read More