Farmland and Water: China invests abroad
China is actively investing in agriculture abroad and is now the world's third largest source of foreign investment stocks in agriculture, behind only the U.S. and Canada.
While China has a strong domestic agricultural base, there are a few products that China does not produce in sufficient quantities, and which are needed for the food processing, manufacturing and energy sectors. This paper explores how China secures those agricultural products through trade and investment. Importantly, the policy is shifting from a strategy based on dependence on global trade to a strategy based on foreign direct investment, including through acquiring large tracts of farmland with associated water resources. The authors found reports of 86 Chinese agriculture projects covering 9 million hectares of land in developing countries. They were able to confirm the existence of 54 projects covering 4.8 million hectares.