Mining can be critical to achieving the development aspirations of many developing countries and remote regions.
Often, however, the local and national development benefits of mining operations have been limited, and in some cases, the results have even been negative.
Historically, a focus just on mining company rights and the provision of government tax benefits, while giving limited attention to environmental, social and local economic issues, has limited the sector’s contribution to sustainable development. Working to overcome these issues, governments, companies and communities increasingly recognize the need for a broader understanding of mining’s potential contribution to local and national development. Transforming this awareness into action requires building the capacity, knowledge and tools required for appropriate reform of government and company policies and processes.
IISD has been deeply involved in the development of a Model Mining Development Agreement (MMDA) with the International Bar Association’s (IBA) Mining Law Committee. IISD was invited to join the core administrative group on this IBA project when it began in 2009. Since then, we have engaged with the global legal and business community to develop an approach based on a simple question: What would a mining contract with a developing country look like if one started from the perspective of sustainable development?
IISD has served as the secretariat to the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development (IGF) since 2015. The IGF supports more than 75 nations committed to leveraging mining for sustainable development to ensure that negative impacts are limited and financial benefits are shared. It is devoted to optimizing the benefits of mining to achieve poverty reduction, inclusive growth, social development and environmental stewardship.
IGF Guidance for Governments: Improving legal frameworks for environmental and social impact assessment and management
This IGF guidance document offers governments a summary of international best practices in legal frameworks for environmental and social impact assessment and related management plans for large-scale mines.Read More
IGF Mining Policy Framework Assessment: Jamaica
This report first presents Jamaica’s development, mining, and legal contexts. It then highlights the key strengths and gaps in Jamaica’s mining policies and laws across six thematic areas before making recommendations for further capacity building and reform.Read More
The Impact of COVID-19 on Employment in Mining
Governments must act now to foster a resilient job market in the mining sector and protect their communities’ livelihoods.Read More
Force Majeure and COVID-19: Legal risks of a double-edged sword
This breifing note offers expert advice for governments on how to approach force majeure claims and defences amid the COVID-19 pandemic.Read More
2019 IGF Annual Report
The IGF 2019 Annual Report highlights our commitment to our 76 member countries to ensure mining's benefits are shared and leveraged for sustainable development.Read More
Mining Tax Policy Responses to COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic is first and foremost a humanitarian crisis. The level and type of relief required will vary by sector, and company, which is why IGF and ATAF have prepared this guide in English, French, and Spanish for resource-rich developing countries specifically.Read More
2020 IGF-PDAC-WEF Sustainability Forum: The Future of Work in the Minerals Industry
On February 29, 2020, the IGF, PDAC, and WEF co-hosted the Sustainability Forum, which focused on The Future of Work in the Minerals Industry.Read More
Analyse comparative des textes juridiques applicables à l'exploitation minière artisanale de l'or dans l'espace UEMOA
Soutenir l’innovation et promouvoir des pratiques vertueuses dans l’exploitation artisanale de l’or à travers des réformes législatives dans l’espace UEMOA.Read More
What Is at Stake for the Mining Sector in the Global Digital Tax Reforms?
The OECD/G20 Inclusive Framework on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) is discussing proposals to address the tax challenges that come from a digitalized economy - and which could have implications for mining.Read More
Sustainable by 2045: Three ways the mining industry can make it happen
On February 29, more than 150 leaders from the minerals industry—from governments, civil society and the private sector—came together to find solutions for sustainable development at the Sustainability Forum.Read More